CRISPR Publication Summary
Genome-Wide CRISPR-Cas9 Screens Expose Genetic Vulnerabilities and Mechanisms of Temozolomide Sensitivity in Glioblastoma Stem Cells.
MacLeod G, Bozek DA, Rajakulendran N, Monteiro V, Ahmadi M, Steinhart Z, Kushida MM, Yu H, Coutinho FJ, Cavalli FMG, Restall I, Hao X, Hart T, Luchman HA, Weiss S, Dirks PB, Angers S
Glioblastoma therapies have remained elusive due to limitations in understanding mechanisms of growth and survival of the tumorigenic population. Using CRISPR-Cas9 approaches in patient-derived GBM stem cells (GSCs) to interrogate function of the coding genome, we identify actionable pathways responsible for growth, which reveal the gene-essential circuitry of GBM stemness and proliferation. In particular, we characterize members of the SOX transcription factor family, SOCS3, USP8, and DOT1L, and protein ufmylation as important for GSC growth. Additionally, we reveal mechanisms of temozolomide resistance that could lead to combination strategies. By reaching beyond static genome analysis of bulk tumors, with a genome-wide functional approach, we reveal genetic dependencies within a broad range of biological processes to provide increased understanding of GBM growth and treatment resistance.